David Lewis (auth.), D. Hockney, W. Harper, B. Freed (eds.)'s Contemporary Research in Philosophical Logic and Linguistic PDF

By David Lewis (auth.), D. Hockney, W. Harper, B. Freed (eds.)

ISBN-10: 9027705127

ISBN-13: 9789027705129

ISBN-10: 9401017565

ISBN-13: 9789401017565

In 1973 a workshop used to be held on the college of Western Ontario on themes of universal curiosity to philosophers and linguists. This quantity con­ tains lots of the papers awarded on the workshop. additionally integrated are formerly unpublished essays by means of R. Dougherty and H. Lasnik in addition to a touch upon G. Lakoff's paper by way of B. van Fraassen. okay. Donnellan's paper used to be provided on the workshop and in this case seemed within the Philosophical evaluate. We thank the editors of this magazine for permission to put up the paper the following. The papers via D. Lewis, R. Stalnaker, G. Lakoff, B. Partee and H. Herzberger seemed previous in magazine of Philosophical common sense by means of association of the editors with B. van Fraassen and D. Reidel Publishing corporation. The editors thank the officials of The college of Western Ontario for making the workshop attainable and Pauline Campbell for making the workshop paintings. THE EDITORS DAVID LEWIS COUNTERFACTUALS AND COMPARATIVE chance* within the final dozen years or so, our realizing of modality has been a lot more suitable through possible-world semantics: the undertaking of examining modal language by way of systematically specifying the stipulations below which a modal sentence is correct at a potential international. i'm hoping to do an analogous for counterfactual conditionals. I write A 0-C for the counter­ authentic conditional with antecedent A and consequent C. it can be learn as 'H it have been the case undefined, then it'd be the case that C' or a few extra idiomatic paraphrase thereof.

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Extra resources for Contemporary Research in Philosophical Logic and Linguistic Semantics: Proceedings of a Conference Held at the University of Western Ontario, London, Canada

Example text

I will mention two other related types of constraints. (a) It may be that the use of a sentence requires that some proposition not be presupposed. The simplest example is that it is in general required that the proposition which is expressed by the use of a sentence in a context not be presupposed in that context. Obviously, by asserting something, a person acts as if he does not take it for granted. This principle helps explain the oddity of sentences like 'John's aardvark is sleeping, and John has an aardvark'.

Perhaps nouns are further associated with senses, and sentences with meanings or propositions; clearly, a semantic theory must begin by spelling out this association between expressions and entities which it considers significant. The theory will be somewhat general about this, say, associating 'Pierre Trudeau' with a man, but not stipulating which man. A stipulation that removes the generality of the association is an interpretation countenanced (ruled admissible) by the semantic theory. The simplest, if not the oldest, interpretation of sentences is the assignment to each sentence of its actual truth-value.

I will comment on some of the qualifying phrases of this rough and tentative definition. First on acting as if: the speaker need not really be taking the truth of PRESUPPOSITIONS 33 P for granted. He and his audience might be accepting a known falsehood, or a proposition whose truth value is in doubt, in order to further the purpose of the conversation. In such a case, the behavior may involve transparent pretense, but nevertheless, it may be essential to understanding and interpreting the conversation to recognize that the participants are acting as if they had certain common beliefs.

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Contemporary Research in Philosophical Logic and Linguistic Semantics: Proceedings of a Conference Held at the University of Western Ontario, London, Canada by David Lewis (auth.), D. Hockney, W. Harper, B. Freed (eds.)

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