By Sally Brown, Phil Race and Joanna Bull
This article attracts on a number of services to proportion reliable perform and discover new methods of utilizing applicable applied sciences in evaluation. It offers a strategic evaluation besides pragmatic proposals for using pcs in evaluation.
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Extra info for Computer-assisted Assessment in Higher Education
In an essay-assessed course, there is an assumption that the students will demonstrate, in a relatively open-ended way, the knowledge and understanding they may have drawn from a variety of sources. In an MCQ-assessed course it may be necessary to indicate more precisely the material to be tested. For example, it may be appropriate to advise students that the questions will be based only upon lecture content, or seminar topics, key texts, selected readings or key topics. There are a number of misconceptions about what MCQs can and cannot do.
Encryption of both the questions before a test and the answers after the test will add another level of security. > Page 27 If the timing of the exam is automated, care must be taken to ensure sufficient flexibility is built in to cope with students with prior determined special needs who may be entitled to take longer over the exam. Emergency backup procedures should be agreed before the examination and it is vital that the invigilators are properly briefed in the operational aspects of these procedures.
Moreover, it suggests a highly interpretative element in essay assessment. The use of objective testing, predominantly in the form of multiple-choice questionnaires (MCQs), is one answer to some of the problems identified above. But MCQs often attract the criticism that such forms of assessment test only low-level knowledge and that there can be a large element of chance involved in passing the examination. However, if properly designed, it is possible to produce an MCQ instrument that can be sensitive, can identify and test a range of skills and can also reduce the possibility of chance success (Gronlund, 1982).
Computer-assisted Assessment in Higher Education by Sally Brown, Phil Race and Joanna Bull