By Jean Afton
At Summit Springs, Colorado on July eleven, 1869, Maj Eugene A. Carr led the 5th usa Cavalry and a strength of Pawnee scouts in an assault on leader Tall Bull's Cheyenne puppy Soldier village. additionally favourite within the struggle used to be leader of scouts, William F. "Buffalo invoice" Cody. while the day's combating was once over, fifty-two Cheyenne puppy infantrymen lay lifeless. On that day, too, a soldier picked up what a undeniable military ledgerbook. while opened, the publication printed web page upon web page of coloured drawings - all rendered by means of Cheyenne warrior-artists. The publication got here to the Colorado ancient Society in 1903, and there it remained for almost 100 years, principally unknown or forgotten. beforehand. operating in shut organization with Cheyenne humans, the authors have produced an extraordinary examine the puppy squaddies, treating those ledger drawings as ancient files - because the background of the puppy infantrymen via the warrior-artists themselves. utilizing Cheyenne assets - either earlier and current - in addition to U.S. army documents, criminal depositions, diaries, and modern newspaper money owed, the authors examine drawings, picking the soldiers and describing the activities depicted. With multiple hundred fantastically reproduced colour drawings, this quantity provides not just a groundbreaking departure from general ledgerbook interpretation but in addition a riveting tale of the Cheyenne puppy squaddies creating a final stand for his or her life as a loose humans.
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Extra resources for Cheyenne Dog Soldiers: A Ledgerbook History of Coups and Combat
Page 3 Inside Front Cover Plate Army Horse Herder Mo-inno-hum zi gia mah oufst * Page 4 PLATE 9 A Bold Attack Tomahawkbold, unarmed, and alonerides down an enemy warrior who is unable to defend himself even though his rifle is cocked and ready to fire. Warrior Tomahawk, his face unpainted and his hair unadorned, wears a white man's frock coat, its tails flapping in the wind. The shield is undecorated except for its encircling stream of eagle feathers hung from a strip of red trade cloth. Interestingly, no breechclout is apparent.
First, the artists, according to convention in ledgerbook art, took the gutter or spine side of the book to serve as the ground line for each drawing. Second, they drew the central figure of the warrior, from whom the action flowed and toward whom the attention of the enemy was given, as moving from right to left. Jean Afton. Ohio Historical Society. Page xxv or by a protocol arising from their ranking as warriors and artists, they adopted either the left-hand, or even-numbered, pages as the side of the book on which to draw, or the right-hand or odd-numbered pages.
Cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. Cheyenne IndiansWars. Cheyenne Indians WarsPictorial works. Cheyenne art. Title. 04973dc20 Printed in Hong Kong96-44775 CIP 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Page v Contents Dedication vii Foreword ix Acknowledgments xi Introduction xiii Prologue xix The Ledgerbook Drawings: Commentary and Interpretation 1 Appendix A: Chronology of Cheyenne Military Actions, 1864-1869 286 Appendix B: Name Glyphs and Warrior Identification 322 Appendix C: Structure of the Ledgerbook 330 Notes 350 Glossary 363 Bibliography 375 Index 388 Page vii Dedicated to the Cheyenne People Page ix Foreword The drawings in the Dog Soldier Ledgerbook depict the history of our peoplethe Cheyennesduring the troubled times following the massacre of Black Kettle's village at Sand Creek, Colorado, November 29, 1864.
Cheyenne Dog Soldiers: A Ledgerbook History of Coups and Combat by Jean Afton