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By Roger Collins (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0333650557

ISBN-13: 9780333650554

ISBN-10: 1349269247

ISBN-13: 9781349269242

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653) and grand-daughter Wulftrude (d. 663). 9 The seventhcentury hagiographic texts, above all the Vita Sanctae Geretrudis, that relate to Nivelles and its founding family, indicate that they encountered certain periods of difficulty after Pippin I' s death. 10 The first of these may be associated with the tenure of the office of mayor by a certain Otto, and the second clearly resulted from the fall of Pippin's son Grimoald, who was almost certainly the father of abbess Wulftrude. On Pippin's death in 639/40, the mayoral office was lost to his family, going instead to Otto.

Frankish royal government in the later Merovingian and Carolingian periods depended upon a handful of men, probably all clerics, who served to write royal documents, though many of these may have been drawn up by their beneficiaries. The centre of this activity was the royal chapel, under the direction of the Capellanus or royal chaplain, whose subordinates, because of their skills in literacy and numeracy, could provide the limited scribal and record-keeping services that royal government required.

68 Duke Waiofar was finally murdered by some of his own followers while trying to avoid capture by Pippin on 2 June 768. 69 While still in Aquitaine Pippin fell ill at Saintes.

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Charlemagne by Roger Collins (auth.)


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