Mary R. Lefkowitz's Black Athena revisited PDF

By Mary R. Lefkowitz

ISBN-10: 0807845558

ISBN-13: 9780807845554

Used to be Western civilization based through old Egyptians and Phoenicians?Can the traditional Egyptians usefully be referred to as black?Did the traditional Greeks borrow faith, technological know-how, and philosophy from the Egyptians and Phoenicians?Have students neglected the Afroasiatic roots of Western civilization due to racism and anti-Semitism?In this selection of twenty essays, prime students in a wide variety of disciplines confront the claims made by way of Martin Bernal in Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization. In that paintings, Bernal proposed an intensive reinterpretation of the roots of classical civilization, contending that historic Greek tradition derived from Egypt and Phoenicia and that eu students were biased opposed to the inspiration of Egyptian and Phoenician effect on Western civilization. The participants to this quantity argue that Bernal's claims are exaggerated and in lots of circumstances unjustified.Topics lined contain race and actual anthropology; the query of an Egyptian invasion of Greece; the origins of Greek language, philosophy, and technology; and racism and anti-Semitism in classical scholarship. within the end to the amount, the editors suggest a completely new scholarly framework for figuring out the connection among the cultures of the traditional close to East and Greece and the origins of Western civilization.

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Sample text

My mother, greatly to her distress, has been beset by suitors, sons of the greatest nobles here. They dare not go to the house of lcarius her father so that he in person might receive bride-gifts for his daughter, giving her to any suitor he pleased who was acceptable to herself. Instead, they haunt my palace day in, day out; they slaughter my sheep and oxen and fatted goats; they make merry here, they selfishly drink the glowing wine, and thus abundance of things is wasted. All this is because there is no man left with the mettle of Odysseus to ward off ruin from the house, I myself am not able to ward it off; I fear I shall always be a weakling, with no skill to resist at all.

Surely not all of us Achaians can be as kings here. Lordship for many is no good thing. ’ So he went through the army marshalling it, until once more they swept back into the assembly place from the ships and the shelters clamorously, as when from the thunderous sea the surf-beat crashes upon the great beach, and the whole sea is in tumult. Now the rest had sat down, and were orderly in their places, but one man, Thersites of the endless speech, still scolded, who knew within his head many words, but disorderly; vain, and without decency, to quarrel with the princes with any word he thought might be amusing to the Argives.

Fortunately for those in power, it is still relatively easy to contain the masses. But in my view scenes such as those described in Iliad I and I1 attest an awareness that the masses fighting in the war and sitting in the assembly represent at least a potential power factor. Otherwise it would be futile for Achilles, Hector, and Thersites to decry the people’s passiveness and lack of courage. Odyssey I1 I think it can be shown that such dissatisfaction among the masses is aimed not only at the king, as in the cases of Paris/Priam and Agamemnon, but at large sections of the leading class.

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Black Athena revisited by Mary R. Lefkowitz


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