The ebook collects a variety of the papers provided on the assembly held within the context of the Joint Programme at the hyperlinks among organic and Cultural range (JP-BiCuD). spotting the inextricable hyperlink among organic and cultural range, the United countries academic clinical and Cultural association (UNESCO) and the Secretariat of the conference on organic range (SCBD) joined forces, and in 2010 introduced the Joint Programme at the hyperlinks among organic and Cultural range (JP-BiCuD). the 1st assembly for the implementation of the JP-BiCuD was once held in Florence (Italy) in April 2014 and produced the UNESCO-sCBD Florence announcement, which highlights the concept that of biocultural variety. the ecu rural territory is predominantly a biocultural, multi-functional panorama, delivering a very important and powerful area for integration of organic and cultural range, suggesting the necessity to revise many of the present concepts for the evaluate and administration of biodiversity.
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Extra resources for Biocultural Diversity in Europe (Environmental History, Volume 5)
Aie (farmyard for threshing too) are also present. The main crop grown is the olive, as shown by the frequent presence of cultivated specimens, along with ones growing wild in the maquis, those that have sprouted from the coppicing, and those that were abandoned after being planted. Some trees are located on boundaries and have the double function of a marker. The importance of olive trees and oil production is shown, not only by the widespread presence of the species throughout all of the areas described, but also by the existence of a nursery or, according to a 38 G.
Barbera and S. Cullotta Mediterranean Semi-bocage and, in part, in other types of landscapes. The historical evolution of the deﬁnition of the Mediterranean garden and polycultural systems has given it, in practice, a multitude of elements that characterize its macroscopic landscape pattern. These classiﬁcation systems, with their different details and scales, ﬁnally make sense of the complexity of the Mediterranean area at any level. 4 Variability of the Complex Mediterranean Polycultural Land Mosaic Pattern Characterized by the Presence of Trees The deﬁnitions of the Mediterranean, speciﬁcally Italian, rural landscape derived from the historic development described above are attributable to a landscape that is so complex and diverse that it includes several of the major Mediterranean agricultural and agro-forestry landscapes that have been catalogued and described to date.
The crop system in areas with a lower slope is that of arable land and wooded pastures following a simple system of fallow ﬁelds. The presence of hydraulic 2 The Traditional Mediterranean Polycultural Landscape as Cultural Heritage … 39 structures, found during archaeological investigations, has made it possible to imagine the presence of irrigated orchards. Some of the other tree species present are: ﬁgs, pomegranates, pears and plums. They are certainly grown in coltura promiscua but are also used as hedges or grow wild, especially plums and pears.
Biocultural Diversity in Europe (Environmental History, Volume 5)