By Bernard A. Cook
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Additional info for Belgium: A History
The disastrous and frequent campaigns of Charles the Bold brought the good times to an end. During the 1490s, 53 percent of the population of Ghent was classified as paupers. However, even under Philip the Good prosperity had been relative. During the “Golden Age” of Philip the average urban family was compelled to spend 80 percent of its budget on food. In 1431 in one Ypres ward 679 of the 850 families were absolved from paying taxes because of their poverty and 89 families received assistance.
Athis granted an amnesty to the pro-French patricians, transferred some Flemish land directly to France, and required the rebellious cities to pay a large indemnity. The patricians with French support reasserted Bernard A. Cook: Belgium: A History 14 page 14 Belgium: A History themselves and to a large extent controlled Ypres and Ghent between 1319 and 1337. However, their control did not go uncontested. Politco-economic conflict was fueled by a great famine from 1315 to 1317 followed by the first bout of the Bubonic Plague.
The lower portion was built from 1282 to 1286, and the octagonal upper section between 1482 and 1487. To Longfellow. ”8 one line short Bernard A. Cook: Belgium: A History 26 page 26 Belgium: A History Brussels Brussels developed as a transit point between the cloth centers of the west and Cologne. The first written record of Brussels dates from 966. The village (Broucsella, “place in the marsh”) located in a marsh created by the Senne (now canalized and covered—the Boulevards Adolphe Max, Anspach, and Lemonnier) grew because it provided a convenient river crossing on the route between Cologne and Ghent and Bruges.
Belgium: A History by Bernard A. Cook