By Marc J. Hetherington
Even if politics on the elite point has been polarized for a while, a scholarly controversy has raged over no matter if usual americans are polarized. This ebook argues that they're and that the reason being growing to be polarization of worldviews - what courses people's view of correct and flawed and stable and evil. those modifications in worldview are rooted in what Marc J. Hetherington and Jonathan D. Weiler describe as authoritarianism. They convey that adjustments of opinion in regards to the so much provocative matters at the modern factor schedule - approximately race, homosexual marriage, unlawful immigration, and using strength to solve defense difficulties - replicate ameliorations in participants' degrees of authoritarianism. This makes authoritarianism an extremely compelling rationalization of up to date American politics. occasions and strategic political judgements have conspired to make some of these issues extra salient. The authors reveal that the left and the fitting have coalesced round those opposing worldviews, which has supplied politics with extra incandescent colours than sooner than.
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Additional info for Authoritarianism and Polarization in American Politics
Carmines and Stimson 1989), it is potentially a change of great import. We should note that the development of this cleavage is not simply the result of racially resentful southern Democrats becoming southern Republicans over time (see Green, Palmquist, and Schickler 2002). Instead both southerners and nonsoutherners evince this pattern. Although not as deeply held as a value, we also show here that the distance between partisans on defense spending has increased markedly as well, particularly recently.
In this view, people should be able to pursue their personal lifestyle choices provided they not harm others. As for gay marriage, specifically, those scoring low in authoritarianism might even believe that norms surrounding marriage have, in fact, changed significantly over the years without causing moral collapse. Herein lies the rub. Those who are more authoritarian are likely to perceive that previous changes to traditional marriage have, in fact, eroded the institution over time and led society in the direction of moral collapse.
Some enduring divisions were born of events rather than ideas, which is important because polarization implies deep philosophical differences. The New Deal party system was forged by a problem - the Great Depression - and the Republicans’ inability to solve it. Although the New Deal was akin to the second French Revolution for some conservatives, the Democrats’ more government-oriented philosophy was, for most, less important in 1932 than the fact that the Democrats were not the Republicans. Certainly the specific policy prescriptions offered by Roosevelt were of secondary import to non-ideologues.
Authoritarianism and Polarization in American Politics by Marc J. Hetherington