By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Space Studies Board, Committee on Assessment of Impediments to Interagency Cooperation on Space and Earth Science Missions
Via an exam of case reviews, service provider briefings, and latest studies, and drawing on own wisdom and direct event, the Committee on evaluation of Impediments to Interagency Cooperation on area and Earth technological know-how Missions came upon that candidate tasks for multiagency collaboration within the improvement and implementation of Earth-observing or area technology missions are usually intrinsically advanced and, accordingly expensive, and multiagency method of constructing those missions in most cases ends up in extra complexity and value. Advocates of collaboration have occasionally underestimated the problems and linked expenses and hazards of dividing accountability and responsibility among or extra companions; additionally they the prospect that collaboration increases the chance in assembly functionality goals. This committee's primary advice is that enterprises may still behavior Earth and area technology tasks independently until: it truly is judged that cooperation will lead to major additional medical price to the undertaking over what should be accomplished through a unmarried business enterprise by myself; or distinctive functions live inside one business enterprise which are precious for the challenge good fortune of a undertaking controlled via one other supplier; or the venture is meant to move from study to operations necessitating a metamorphosis in accountability from one organisation to a different through the undertaking; or there are different compelling purposes to pursue collaboration, for instance, a wish to construct capability at one of many cooperating organizations. even if the complete undertaking expense may possibly elevate, events should locate collaboration beautiful if their percentage of a undertaking is cheaper than investment it on my own. In those circumstances, choices to interdependent reliance on one other govt organization might be thought of. for instance, organisations may well locate that purchasing providers from one other business enterprise or pursuing interagency coordination of spaceflight info assortment is best to completely interdependent cooperation.--Publisher's descripiton.
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Extra resources for Assessment of Impediments to Interagency Collaboration on Space and Earth Science Missions
The discovery of the accelerated expansion of the universe in 1998 relied on Type 1a supernovae as “standard candles” by which distances could be derived. In 1999 a group centered at the DOE Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) proposed a space mission called the SuperNova Acceleration Probe (SNAP) to collect more measurements using supernovae. In response to the 2003 NRC report Connecting Quarks with the Cosmos: Eleven Science Questions for the New Century, NASA formed the Beyond Einstein program, which included concepts for two flagship missions and three lower-cost probe-class missions.
The elimination of OSIP impacted NOAA’s ability to access the requisite engineering support and expertise to design, develop, and test new spacecraft and instrument technologies before incorporating them into the agency’s operational satellite systems. Indeed, termination of OSIP is cited in a 1997 Government Accountability Office (GAO) report 29 as an important contributing factor in the technical problems, cost overruns, and schedule delays that beset NOAA as it developed GOES-Next, the second generation of operational geostationary satellites in the 1980s.
The practice of satisfying one agency’s mandate using another agency’s budget has resulted in program volatility. NASA-DOD INTERAGENCY COLLABORATION Although NASA was created to lead the nation’s civil space efforts, NASA’s origins also fostered very strong ties to DOD, especially in the area of propulsion. Over the years, the two agencies have collaborated on several scientific missions that also had value to DOD. Most recently, this includes the Advanced Composition Explorer (described earlier in the Chapter 1 section entitled “Use of Resources Example: Space Weather Data from the Advanced Composition Explorer”) and the Communication/Navigation Outage Forecasting System (C/NOFS; described below) space weather missions.
Assessment of Impediments to Interagency Collaboration on Space and Earth Science Missions by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Space Studies Board, Committee on Assessment of Impediments to Interagency Cooperation on Space and Earth Science Missions