Get Apaches at war and peace: the Janos Presidio, 1750-1858 PDF

By William B. Griffen

ISBN-10: 0806130849

ISBN-13: 9780806130842

Apaches at conflict and Peace is the tale of the Chiricahua Apaches at the northern frontier of latest Spain from 1750 to 1858, particularly these in the quarter of the Janos presidio in northwestern Chihuahua. utilizing formerly untapped data in Spain, Mexico, and the us, William Griffen relates how Apache raids and different hostilities have been the norm until eventually Bernardo do Galvez, viceroy of recent Spain, inspired the Apaches to settle close to presidios. through 1790 a few Apaches have been in place of abode at Janos, and intermittent classes of peace and clash ensued until eventually Mexican independence introduced extra radical alterations in Indian coverage (such because the kingdom of Sonora’s supply of bounties for Indian scalps). Griffen explores problems with altering Indian coverage, Indian-Mexican family members, and the access of the U.S. onto the scene after its invasion of Mexico.

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Extra info for Apaches at war and peace: the Janos Presidio, 1750-1858

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Apaches did not think that mutilating a lifeless body made the dead suffer, although they admitted that they did this sometimes in retaliation in the heat of anger. Apaches interred selected personal belongings with the deceased's body, including a man's favorite war horse; Page 8 but other articles and the house where the death occurred were burned, the camp abandoned, and the spot avoided for a considerable period afterward. Women cut their hair short in mourning. During an after-raid victory feast, family members of the persons lost in battle were prohibited from attending the festivities and remained in their huts wailing.

Ball 1970: 7-8, 20-21, 126-127; 1980: 6, 23, 34, 45, 50, 82-84, 100, 136; Opler 1965: 460, 462-471. In the English language literature the custom of speaking of subchiefs, something the southern Apaches denied existed, goes back at least to the 1850s when the American agent, Michael Steck, was searching for words to express what he thought were the relationships between various rancheria chiefs. He realized that some men, such as Mangas Color-adas, had more influence than others, and designated those of lesser influence as subchiefs.

15 Correct conduct with relativesreciprocity infavors, generosity, assistance in times of need, loyalty, and proper etiquettewas of the utmost importance. To vindicate the killing of a relative by retaliating in a like manner was a prime ethical responsibility. Apaches did not always keep a tally of enemy deaths in battle, but they wreaked revenge until they felt a score was settled. Revenge supplied a contin- Page 9 ual, powerful motivation for fighting Spaniards and Mexicans who had wronged them.

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Apaches at war and peace: the Janos Presidio, 1750-1858 by William B. Griffen

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