By Adrian Ling
Practical Apache, PHP-FPM & Nginx opposite Proxy
This is the third e-book within the useful consultant sequence for Linux process directors. it is going to assist you comprehend what's Apache Handler, what's personal home page SAPI - e.g. DSO, mod_suPHP, mod_fastcgi, and so on and the way most of these items healthy jointly.
This publication also will enable you secure and hardened the Apache webserver and PHP-FPM. The default setup in Apache and personal home page are beautiful lax in safeguard. A web-user on a non-secured server can simply view the procedure password dossier (/etc/passwd) in addition to view one other user's private/system documents through writing simply three strains of code. This ebook will convey you precisely how one can accomplish this on a non-secured server!
This e-book also will hide the right way to setup Nginx opposite Proxy to the Apache webserver to spice up web site functionality. listed below are the desk of contents during this sensible consultant to Apache, PHP-FPM and Nginx opposite Proxy:
- Chapter 1. The 'LAMP' stack
- Chapter 2. Apache Handlers & personal home page SAPI
- Chapter three. Instal & Configure PHP-FPM
- Chapter four. develop functionality with Opcode Cache
- Chapter five. Securing Apache
- Chapter 6. Securing Hypertext Preprocessor (php.ini)
- Chapter 7. functionality Tuning
- Chapter eight: fitting Nginx server as Reverse-Proxy
- Summary: e-book Errata & Support
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Extra info for Apache, PHP-FPM & Nginx: How to Build a Secure, Fast and Powerful Web-Server
URIs that Apache resolve to this filename (via the Alias directive) will be handled by the external FastCGI application (PHP-FPM). inc” file, we have set the 'Action' directive to: Action php-fpm /php-fpm virtual *The modifier 'virtual' tells Apache expect virtual URI/file path. com”, we can set it to listen to a TCP port. X' is the IP address of the server running PHP-FPM. g. virtual host #1 uses port 9001, virtual host #2 uses port 9002 and so on. Otherwise, you will encounter errors. What are the Pro and Cons of using Unix Sockets or TCP ports?
The Apache Handler is "an internal representation of an action” to be performed when a particular file type is requested by the web-browser. In other words, a 'Handler' tells Apache what to do when it encounters different file types. Handlers can either be 'built-in' or included in a module. The standard built-in Apache handlers are: default-handler (core) send-as-is (mod_asis) cgi-script (mod_cgi) imap-file (mod_imagemap) server-info (mod_info) server-status (mod_status) type-map (mod_negotiation) Generally, files have implicit handlers, based on the file type.
Configuring Apache to use these internal ‘process-managers’ (pm) are quite complicated as it requires various wrappers. Therefore, the recommended way run PHP-FPM is via the “mod_fastcgi” module where we can use PHP-FPM as the external ‘pm’ (process manager) The CLI (Command Line Interface) This CLI SAPI is not used by Apache, but I thought I'd mentioned it just to complete the discussions on the various PHP SAPIs. Most people think of PHP as the de-facto programming language on the web, , but you can also use PHP as a scripting language on the Linux command line.
Apache, PHP-FPM & Nginx: How to Build a Secure, Fast and Powerful Web-Server by Adrian Ling