By Tonnes Bekker-Nielsen
This quantity demanding situations the orthodox view that fishing and fish performed just a marginal position within the economic system of the traditional international. in reality, there's archaeological facts for historic fish processing on a advertisement scale not just within the Mediterranean itself, but additionally at the Atlantic coast and within the Black Sea zone, specifically the Crimea. Our literary assets testify to the frequent culinary and medicinal use of salted fish and fermented fish sauces in antiquity, and particularly within the first centuries advert. during this e-book, the authors check the current nation of analysis on old fishing and speak about its implications for the heritage of the Black Sea quarter, specially the interval of Greek colonisation alongside its shorelines. whereas grain has generally been considered because the major export commodity of the Pontic colonies, the lifestyles of salting-vats at the coast of the Crimea point out creation of salt-fish or fish sauce on a wide scale, most likely for export. even if, many questions stay unanswered: for example pertaining to possession and organization of the processing amenities, or how the completed product was once transported to far-off markets. [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]
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Extra info for Ancient Fishing and Fish Processing in the Black Sea Region
47 If anything can be made of this, then ancient fish sauce might provide a practical contribution to the modern world. 40 3. Robert I. Curtis Commerce The same types of ancient literary evidence that supplied information on production of fish by-products also provide important data about their trade. These include histories, orations, medical treatises, geographies, encyclopedias, poetry, drama, gastronomic literature, agricultural manuals, private letters, and the like. Greek dramatists of the fifth and fourth centuries BC, for example, provide evidence of early trade between Greece, that is, Athens, cities of the Black Sea region, and Punic areas of the Western Mediterranean.
3). 50 Athena Trakadas Fig. 3. The fish-processing sites were distributed throughout the Roman provinces of the western Mediterranean. 1 Spain After the Second Punic War, and the fall of Numantia in 133 BC, the occupation and domination of the southern Iberian Peninsula by the Romans began The Archaeological Evidence for Fish Processing in the Mediterranean 51 Fig. 4. The fish-processing sites in Baetica and Tarraconensis. (For key to site numbers, see p. 18 Additionally, fish products from Spain, specifically garum, are also documented by contemporary literary sources such as Horace (Sat.
I. Finley, continue to downplay the role of salt-fish in the ancient economy, relegating them to little more than temporary hedges against periods of food shortage and famine. Cf. Gallant 1985; Finley 1999. 14 Paoli 1975, 91. In opposition to this attitude, see Curtis 1983, 232-240. , Étienne and Mayet 1998a, 147-165; Paterson 1998, 149-167; Garnsey 1998; Haley 1990, 72-78; D’Arms 1981. , Parkins 1997. 17 The fragments, with English translation, of Archestratos are most conveniently collected in Olson and Sens 2000, while Athenaios’ work can be consulted in the Loeb edition of that author.
Ancient Fishing and Fish Processing in the Black Sea Region by Tonnes Bekker-Nielsen