By John Deigh
This ebook examines the important questions of ethics via a learn of theories of correct and fallacious which are present in the good moral works of Western philosophy. It specializes in theories that proceed to have an important presence within the box. The center chapters disguise egoism, the eudaimonism of Plato and Aristotle, act and rule utilitarianism, smooth normal legislations thought, Kant's ethical concept, and existentialist ethics. Readers should be brought not just to the most rules of every thought yet to modern advancements and defenses of these principles. a last bankruptcy takes up themes in meta-ethics and ethical psychology. The discussions all through draw the reader into philosophical inquiry via argument and feedback that remove darkness from the profundity of the questions below exam. scholars will locate this e-book to be a really important consultant to how philosophical inquiry is undertaken in addition to to what the key theories in ethics carry.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Ethics: Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy
4, par. 10. 39 40 An Introduction to Ethics anticipate having the desire satisfied and that such satisfaction is itself a source of pleasure. Nonetheless, it does not follow that the pleasure you anticipate getting is always the true object of your desire. It may merely be a welcome extra. To be sure, sometimes a person may desire something, an apple, say, just for the pleasure of its taste, in which case the pleasure he anticipates is also the true object of his desire. But sometimes a person may desire an apple for its nutritional value, in which case, though he anticipates the pleasure of its taste, this pleasure is not what he is after.
They would be giving up the first of the two alternatives we identified and taking the second. This should be plain, for they would be arguing, in effect, that to search for good reasons to do the honest thing, in circumstances such as yours, is to search for good personal reasons, and such a search, whatever the outcome, has no bearing on the authority that basic standards of honesty have in practical thought. To think that it does would be to make the same mistake as the original one of thinking that asking whether you ought to do the honest thing in these circumstances challenges the authority of the standards.
The thought reflects the ideal of wisdom in pursuit of happiness. This is the ideal that egoism affirms. A mature understanding of the conditions necessary for achieving happiness and of the practices, skills, and habits that make it possible over an entire life shows that one could not have any realistic hope of achieving it if one lived without regard to the interests of others or the rules they expect one to follow. Wisdom in the pursuit of happiness means taking account of ones long-term as well as ones shortterm interests and ones limitations and vulnerabilities as well as ones powers and opportunities.
An Introduction to Ethics: Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy by John Deigh