By Douglas L. Cairns
This can be the 1st examine in English to ascertain essentially the most an important phrases in Greek moral and social discourse, aidos, inside of quite a lot of Greek literature. in general rendered "shame," "modesty," or "respect," aidos is among the such a lot elusive and tough Greek phrases to translate. Dr. Cairns discusses the character and alertness of aidos and different correct phrases in a few authors; with specific emphasis on their manifestations in epic, tragedy, and philosophy. He indicates that the essence of the idea that is to be present in its courting with Greek values of honor, within which context it could possibly realize and reply to the distinction of either the self and others. It hence contains either self- and different- concerning habit, aggressive and cooperative values.
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Extra resources for Aidos: The Psychology and Ethics of Honour and Shame in Ancient Greek Literature
24 Ritualised Friendship a b fiB. hen compared WIth ritualiled friendship as rtCOIlsuue:ted from non-mythical sources. revals that the practices prescribed by the institution underwent only minor distortions when projected nto mythology. I paraphrase the relevant passages. Believing a false: accusadon, Akastos desened his friend, Peleus, while asleep on Pelion, and hid his magic sword in cow's dung. Iso ratored him his S9iord. FollOWIng this euerge$ia, Chlron ~ mcd the role of n ideal xetOS: he provided Peleus with • due as to how to leize and marry Theda.
Yet it was not friendship in the normal Greek sense of the term. Friendship in the Greek states bound together individuals partaking of the same social system and sharing similar values. Confidence was generated through a lengthy process of interaction and gradually developing intimacy, and the resulting relationship was sustained - or disrupted - through permanent interaction. A good illustration of this process may be gleaned from a pseudoDemosthenic passage: Nikostratos, whom you see here in coun, men of the jury, was a neighbour of mine in the country, and a man of my own age (he/ikiotes).
2. Hofsrett« (1978). c CJ) L. >o 0. U 44 Encounter and Initiation in our study, they include such figures as Peisistratos the tyrant, his son Hippias, Mihiades, Kallias, Lysander, Alkibiades, Antalkidas, Iphikrates and Evagoras of Cyprus. And the same pattern was to repeat itself in later times probably with even greater intensity. , the popular philosopher Teles could produce a seemingly paradoxical argument in favour of going into exile. Most of these exiles, he implied, deserve no pity. 8 Teles' 'kings' were the Hellenistic rulers to whom the Greek cities had lost their independence.
Aidos: The Psychology and Ethics of Honour and Shame in Ancient Greek Literature by Douglas L. Cairns