By John Kekes
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Additional info for A Justification of Rationality
Second, the introduction of variables of the new type. The new entities are values of these variables; the constants ... are substitutable for the variables. 4 Presumably the introduction of meaning and referential rules in accordance with which the general terms and variables are used is also an essential step. , as its variables. The rules determine how sentences can be constructed out of these terms and of logical constants, and also how these sentences can be used to refer to various aspects of the world.
1 Scepticism derives its deceptive power from the misguided search for theoretical validation. What needs to be done to counter the sceptical challenge is to stop looking for the impossible and to call attention to our signal practical achievements. "2 The argument there is not directed explicitly against scepticism, but against the adoption of an allegedly mistaken view of external questions. However, since scepticism rests upon that view, it is necessary to examine Carnap's objections. 2011 00:08:41] Document Previous Released By -TSJ5J- Next Page 26 Carnap's Argument The crux of Carnap's case is the distinction between theoretical and practical questions.
The descriptive use of a linguistic framework requires the acceptance of an existential presupposition. However if an existential presupposition is accepted, it follows neither that a metaphysical theory about the nature of the entity is also accepted, nor that the presupposition is true. The acceptance of a metaphysical theory implies commitment to an existential presupposition, but an existential presupposition may be accepted without even considering any metaphysical theory. An existential presupposition commits one to the existence of a kind of entity.
A Justification of Rationality by John Kekes