By Charles Gehring
In 1634, the Dutch West India corporation was once apprehensive to understand why the fur exchange from New Netherland have been declining, so the corporate despatched 3 staff a ways into Iroquois state to enquire. Harmen Meyndertsz van den Bogaert led the day trip from citadel Orange (present-day Albany, NY). His is the earliest recognized description of the inner of what's this present day big apple country and its seventeenth-century local population.
Van den Bogaert used to be a willing observer, and his magazine is not just a regular log of the place the day trip get together traveled; it's also an in depth account of the Mohawks and the Oneidas: the settlements, modes of subsistence, and therapeutic rituals. Van den Bogaert's awesome wordlist is the earliest identified recorded vocabulary of the Mohawk language.
Gehring's translation and Starna's annotations supply imperative fabric for anthropologists, ethnohistorians, linguists, and an individual with a different curiosity in local American stories. Michelson's present additions to the wordlist of Mohawk equivalents with English glosses (wherever attainable) and his professional research of the language within the local American passages supply a worthy new size to this variation of the journal.
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Additional info for A Journey Into Mohawk and Oneida Country 1634-1635: The Journal of Harmen Meyndertsz Van Den Bogaert Revised Edition
They pushed one another into the fire to see us. It was almost midnight before they left us. We could not do anything without having them shamelessly running about us. This is the third castle, and it is called SCHANIDISSE. 43 We ate here much venison. There is considerable flatland around and near this castle, and the woods are full of oak and walnut trees. We got a beaver here in exchange for an awl. December 21. We left very early in the morning, intending to go to the fourth castle. However, after we had gone a half mile we came to a village with nine houses called OSQUAGE.
We left very early in the morning, intending to go to the fourth castle. However, after we had gone a half mile we came to a village with nine houses called OSQUAGE. 44 Here there was a great stream which our guide would not cross. 45 For this reason we delayed until Saturday. This THE JOURNAL 9 6. Artist’s depiction of the Mohawk village of Caughnawaga, c. 1666/7–1693, from the drawing by A. H. Y. chief gave us many goods and fed us well, for everything in his house was at our disposal. He told me simply that I was his brother and good friend.
They then took the sick person and laid him before the large fire. 60 They stuck it down their throats so that the end could not be seen, and vomited on the patient’s head and all over his body. 61 25 Dec. As it was Christmas Day, we arose early in the morning, intending to go to the Sinnekens. However, on account of the steady snow we were unable to start out, because no one would go with us to carry our goods. I asked them how many chiefs there were and they told me 30 persons. 26 Dec. This morning I was given 2 pieces of bear meat to take on the journey.
A Journey Into Mohawk and Oneida Country 1634-1635: The Journal of Harmen Meyndertsz Van Den Bogaert Revised Edition by Charles Gehring