By Harry W. Hazard, Norman P. Zacour
A definitive background of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views
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Additional resources for A History of the Crusades, Vol. 6: The Impact of the Crusades on Europe, Together with a Bibliography of the Crusades
G. Alentejo had three but Estramadura had eight. In all the corps had 30 companies gathering 3,600 veterans. Uniform The dress of the Pe de Castelo continued to be worn but apparently without lapels, the coatee being single-breasted edged with scarlet piping. Prince's Royal Bodyguard (Guarda Real do Principe) Also called Archers of the Royal Guard (Archeiro do Guarda Real). Unlike other nations, Portugal did not have large guards regiments and this small company was its only true guard unit. A small body of halberdiers, it originated in the reign of King Joao II (1481-95).
In April 1813 there remained 965 officers and men including 131 cavalrymen. The cavalry was disbanded and all survivors were mustered into a temporary depot battalion. Grumbling and desertion increased; on 8 October 1813 the troops were disarmed, and on 25 November the Portuguese Legion was formally disbanded. The men were not released from service but were to be formed into a pioneer battalion (see below). Uniform The initial regiments formed in January and February 1808 kept their blue Portuguese uniforms, the decrees stating that new facing colours would later be assigned.
Uniform The initial regiments formed in January and February 1808 kept their blue Portuguese uniforms, the decrees stating that new facing colours would later be assigned. They never were; and by May Napoleon had decided that the Portuguese Legion's uniform would be brown instead of blue - see illustrations. The mounted chasseurs also had a brown coatee with scarlet collar, cuffs, lapels and turnbacks, white piping, pewter buttons and scarlet wings; grey-blue cavalry trousers with scarlet stripe, black boots; black leather helmet with black caterpillar crest, scarlet plume; white sheepskin housings edged red.
A History of the Crusades, Vol. 6: The Impact of the Crusades on Europe, Together with a Bibliography of the Crusades by Harry W. Hazard, Norman P. Zacour