By Ian D. Armour
A background of japanese Europe 1740-1918: Empires, international locations and Modernisation offers a entire, authoritative account of the quarter in the course of a afflicted interval that entire with the 1st international struggle. Ian Armour specializes in the 3 significant subject matters that experience outlined jap Europe within the sleek interval - empire, nationhood and modernisation - while chronologically tracing the emergence of japanese Europe as a different proposal and position. specific assurance is given to the Habsburg, Ottoman, German and Russian Empires that struggled for dominance in this time.
In this fascinating new version, Ian Armour accommodates findings from new learn into the character and origins of nationalism and the makes an attempt of supranational states to generate dynastic loyalties in addition to recommendations of empire. Armours insightful advisor to early jap Europe considers the $64000 figures and governments, analyses the numerous occasions and discusses the socio-economic and cultural advancements which are an important to a rounded realizing of the sector in that era.
Features of this new version include:
- a completely up to date and enlarged bibliography and notes
- 8 beneficial maps
Read Online or Download A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and Modernisation PDF
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Extra resources for A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and Modernisation
The Saxon kings of Poland–Lithuania held their throne on the specific condition that they did not interfere with the ‘golden liberties’ of the Polish nobility. The furthest the Ottoman sultans got to remedying their increasingly obvious disadvantage vis-à-vis the Christian powers was to appoint a French military adviser, the Comte de Bonneval, in 1729. Only Prussia, under Frederick William I (1713–40), can be said to have successfully implemented cameralist policies. Through strict economy, the reform of the tax system, a tightly controlled bureaucracy, the subordination of both landowners and peasantry to the needs of the army, and the encouragement of industry, much of it state-run, this single-minded monarch transformed his kingdom into the most formidable military power in Europe.
The coalition’s forces invaded Upper Austria in October and had taken Prague by December; in January 1742 Charles Albert was crowned Holy Roman Emperor as Charles VII. The Monarchy appeared to be facing partition.
Territorial aggrandisement was thus seen as a desirable thing in itself, for only in this way could the dynasty assure itself of the number of subjects and material resources for the perpetuation of its house and the maintenance of its prestige. The role that considerations of economic gain played in such thinking is debatable. On the one hand, monarchs of the period and their advisers were scarcely blind to the economic advantages of seizing, or retaining, territory; on 29 A History of Eastern Europe 1740–1918 the other hand, the prodigal expenditure of accumulated wealth in the pursuit of territorial claims suggests that economic rationality was never uppermost.
A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and Modernisation by Ian D. Armour