By Adriaen van der Donck
This variation of an outline of latest Netherland offers the 1st whole and exact English-language translation of an important first-hand account of the lives and international of Dutch colonists and northeastern local groups within the 17th century. Adriaen van der Donck, a graduate of Leiden collage within the 1640s, grew to become the legislations enforcement officer for the Dutch patroonship of Rensselaerswijck, positioned alongside the higher Hudson River. His place enabled him to engage greatly with Dutch colonists and the neighborhood Algonquians and Iroquoians. An astute observer, precise recorder, and available author, Van der Donck used to be preferably located to jot down approximately his reports and the average and cultural worlds round him.Van der Donck’s Beschryvinge van Nieuw-Nederlant used to be first released in 1655 after which multiplied in 1656. An misguided and abbreviated English translation seemed in 1841 and was once reprinted in 1968. This new quantity positive aspects a correct, polished translation by way of Diederik Willem Goedhuys and comprises the entire fabric from the unique 1655 and 1656 variations. the result's an essential first-hand account with enduring price to historians, ethnohistorians, and anthropologists. (20090130)
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Extra resources for A Description of New Netherland (The Iroquoians and Their World)
Farther inland, however, as in the colony of Rensselaerswijck, Catskill, Esopus, and thereabouts, at the headwaters where the rivers are entirely fresh, low-lying land may be ﬂooded once or twice a year when the wind blows counter to the current, but to those who prepare and provide for it this causes no damage. Sometimes a stand of corn here and there is washed away, though the silt left behind as good as manures the land. Nor does the water remain standing for long; as quickly as it rises, it ebbs away again in two or three days.
Of the Fruit Trees Brought Over from the Netherlands Dutch horticulturists, noting the opportunities existing in New Netherland, have ventured to carry across and plant various apple and pear trees that thrive there. The trees will also grow from seed, and I have seen specimens that by the sixth year bore delicious fruit without having been grafted. If stocks or cuttings are not available, grafting also works well on a trunk cut oﬀ close to the ground, so that in time the graft itself makes roots; otherwise the fruit may be rather stony.
The shore is for the most part clean and sandy, and water drains oﬀ well. To the southwest the country borders on Virginia; the boundary line is yet The Limits of New Netherland | to be determined, but as the population grows there ought to be little or no diﬃculty on that score. On the northeast New Netherland abuts on New England. The boundary is not undisputed, and we could wish that the matter were settled. To the north the river of Canada extends over a great distance, but the northwestern limit is not yet known or deﬁned.
A Description of New Netherland (The Iroquoians and Their World) by Adriaen van der Donck